Islamic Vocabulary

Allah: means God.
Muhammad: means “the praised one.”
Quran or Koran: means “recitation” claimed to be the verbatim word of Allah.
Islam: means “submission” or “surrender” not peace.
Muslim: means “the one who submits to the will of Allah.”
Umma: means the world community of Muslims.
Jihad: means struggle and is most referred to in the Quran as war.
Taqiyya: means deception or Holy Lying.
Sharia: means Islamic Law.
Dhimmi: means “the protected one” a non-Muslim. Protected from being killed by Muslims.
Caliph: the title of the ruler or leader of the global Muslim community.

Kaba: mean “cube” Islamic object of worship in Mecca
Mecca: Birth place of Muhammah and holiest city of Islam.
Hijra: means immigration” Muhammad’s move from Mecca to Medina
Sharia: Islamic Law
Sura: a chapter of the Quran
Hadith: means “report” Collection of reports of Muhammad’s life.
Sunnah: means “way” Stories of Muhammad’s Life.
Sira: means “life” Biography of Muhammad’s life
Medina: Called city of the Prophet. Muhammad’s residence from 622 until his death.


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